The sezione 1 / The sezione 2 / Emphyteusis

The sezione 1 / The sezione 2 / Emphyteusis

Bacino d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the distretto with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.

The valley is per series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, a riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, onesto the whitewash of the prezzo onenightfriend trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up puro the “paese rossa”, the red soil of this land.

The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Signora “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled in our dipartimento per 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Empire.

THE Settore 2

The landscape of Valle d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing preciso build what Cesare Brandi calls “per countryside planned like a city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; a tight sistema of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.

Like sopra bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was a time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of work but also the communautaire and relational ones.

Peasants used puro live mediante the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side mediante town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and verso few great landowners. Such verso dichotomy necessarily led onesto the creation of social subsets that developed adjustment strategies preciso manage limits and possibilities within their respective aimable and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers sopra esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard work and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned sicuro those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did per niente manual job at all.

EMPHYTEUSIS

The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks puro the typical lease contract of this distretto, called emphyteusis. According puro this contract, a big landowner leased his property to verso group of farmers, each of whom took a portion for per yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had in nessun caso expiration date and could be passed on puro one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards puro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring verso patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.

The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating a multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required a lot of time and hard rete di emittenti, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce ciotola resources, (according onesto estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into per vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of rete informatica – almost 5 and a half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families onesto live in the countryside, than having preciso move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families to “migrate” from the old town onesto the countryside, thus leaving per typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.

Perle di Ingegno e un progetto dell’Associazione Formativo ”Il tre ruote brillo” sostenuto dalla Presidenza del Apparire dei Ministri, Reparto della Eta giovanile di nuovo del Incarico Affabile interno nell’ambito del avviso ”Gioventu per il Associativo” – CUP J18I15000150008

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